At the legislative level Canada has no federal framework for the regulation of online casinos. The Criminal Code provides the list of allowed games and responsibility for illegal gambling in articles from 197 to 212.
Gambling games in which a player needs to show special skills and abilities to win are allowed. They are called “mixed odds games”.
Ranking of online casinos in Canada
In Quebec, the only legal operator is the state-owned Loto-Québec (Montreal, Canada). A list of online casinos with a license issued by the Kanawake Gaming Commission can be found on the regulator’s official website.
When registering at Canadian online casinos, bingo halls or poker rooms, you need to provide personal information, proof of identity and bank account number.
Under federal law, individuals who are of legal age (18 years old) are eligible to gamble. Most provinces have raised the age limit for players to 19 years, but in Alberta, Manitoba and Quebec it is 18.
Operators must retain player data and transaction information for a period specified by local law.
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Canada: regulation of online casinos and bets
There is no universally accepted definition of online casino, mobile, electronic or digital games in Canada. The provincial government has the right to independently authorize the activities of the organizers of digital games, taking into account the norms of federal law.
In accordance with Article 204 of the Code, the following are considered legal:
- Placement of bets on horse racing, if bets are made by no more than 10 people.
- Private bets between individuals not involved in the gambling business.
- Bets placed on a legalized racetrack or through a licensed establishment.
- In Canada, betting on selected sporting or casual events is prohibited (Code Article 207, Section 4).
The law does not regulate the activities of online casinos with cross-licenses. Access to resources with international permits issued by regulators of other jurisdictions is not prohibited.
The regulator Kahnawà: ke Gaming Commission operates on the territory of the country, which issues licenses for online casinos on a legal basis. The Commission is guided by the Kahnawà: ke Gaming Law .
The withdrawal of funds in online institutions to bank cards is not limited, Internet providers are not blocked. Residents of Canada do not pay taxes on their profits and are not held liable for unauthorized gambling activities.
In 2016, the local government of Quebec tried to restrict the access of residents of the province to online establishments operating in the country under an international license. But in 2018, the Supreme Court of Canada ruled that such actions were illegal.
Help in the fight against gambling addiction
You can find an institution to combat gambling addiction in Canada on the official government website .
Local authorities in Canada are taking action to combat gambling addiction. In Nova Scotia, players have the option to request an online casino suspension for 6 months, 1 year, 3 years or permanently. You can download the form on the regulator’s website and submit it electronically.
In Alberta, a psychological support service has been established under the auspices of the gambling regulator. You can contact us around the clock and daily by phone: 1-866-332-2322. A list of persons who have independently expressed a desire to stop playing has been created. On the GameSence website , a player can apply to be included in the list for a period of 6 months to 5 years.
Frequently asked questions about Online Casinos in Canada
Can Canadians play online at casinos in other countries?
Yes. The law does not allow online casinos to operate on the basis of international licenses. But federal and provincial governments do not restrict the activities of such operators in Canada.
Can I withdraw funds from a cross-licensed casino to a Canadian bank card?
Yes. Banks do not limit the receipt of winnings on the player’s card at online gambling establishments registered outside Canada.
Can residents of other provinces play in a licensed online casino in Quebec?
Formally, licenses issued by local governments are limited to the territory of Quebec. Canadians from other provinces are not prohibited from playing at Quebec online casinos.